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President Abbas calls for world to recognise State of Palestine

2 Jan, 2017
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President Mahmoud Abbas Calls for peace and recognise Palestine

President Mahmoud Abbas Calls for peace and recognise Palestine

 

In a Statement, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has said, “I say to you that settlements on the land of the occupied State of Palestine are on their way out.” Marking the 52nd anniversary of Fatah’s official founding, he added “We are calling for 2017 to be the year of international recognition of the State of Palestine, because more recognition will strengthen the possibility of achieving a two-state solution and real peace.” Abbas also added that settlement construction in the Palestinian territories does not have a bright future. “I say to you that settlements on the land of the occupied State of Palestine are on their way out,” he said. “We attained a historic UN Security Council resolution…which said that any changes since 1967 to the demographic composition or land of the State of Palestine including east Jerusalem are unacceptable.”
In his speech, Abbas also said that the Palestinian leadership is prepared to work with the US president-elect.

The President of Palestine Marked, “We emphasize that we are ready to work with the new American administration, including US President-elect Donald Trump to achieve peace in the region in accordance with the two state solution, international decisions, and the Arab Peace Initiative”

The Palestinian leadership and Abbas congratulated Trump on his election in early November and have consistently pledged to work with him. However, a number of top Palestinian leaders have recently issued warnings about the consequences of the Trump administration making changes to the status quo such as moving the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem and forgoing criticism of settlement construction. Saeb Erekat, secretary-general of the PLO Executive Committee, told a conference call last month that the PLO would rescind its recognition of Israel if the forthcoming US administration relocates the embassy.

Meanwhile regarding internal Palestinian politics, Abbas said that efforts are under way to hold a meeting of the Palestinian National Council in the West Bank.

“Consultations with the Palestinian factions and forces to hold a meeting of the PNC in Palestine in the coming months have begun, to renew the leadership of the PLO, which is represented by the Executive Committee,” Abbas stated.

The PNC is the PLO’s parliament and is responsible for electing the Executive Committee, which is the most authoritative PLO body.
A total of 136 states have recognized the “State of Palestine,” including more than 30 since Abbas took office in 2005. The UN General Assembly granted “Palestine” nonmember observer state status in 2012.
Abbas, who has eschewed armed struggle, has led the Palestinian leadership’s international strategy to achieve statehood over the past several years.

Israel’s fury touches the Palestinian Hamas Authority

Jan, 2017
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Israel on Hamas

Israel on Hamas

Israeli authority have declared that they will not return the bodies of Palestinian Hamas militants to their families, but will bury them instead, officials said. Israel said it was taking measures to ensure the return of Israeli remains from Palestinian territory. The decision will now become a permanent change in policy. Based on two video clips published by the Hamas military wing show a mock birthday for Oron Shaul, who Israel said was killed during the Gaza War in 2014. In one, his face has been digitally inserted over someone else’s body, bound and in army fatigues. He is visited by the Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in a clown’s costume, who blows out the candles on a birthday cake. Sgt Shaul, 21, was one of seven soldiers reported killed in an incident in Shejaiya, near Gaza City.

But Hamas has never confirmed that Sgt Shaul is dead.

After the meeting of the security cabinet, the prime minister’s office released a brief statement on the decision.

“The security cabinet discussed ways to effect the return of fallen soldiers and of civilians held in the Gaza Strip … and decided that (the bodies of Hamas militants) should be buried, rather than returned,” the statement said. Bodies buried under the new policy could be exhumed and returned later as part of exchanges.

Israel is reducing diplomatic ties with nations over UN vote settlements

28 Dec, 2016
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Israel Reducing Ties with Nations Supporting Anti-Settlement UN Resolution

Israel Reducing Ties with Nations Supporting Anti-Settlement UN Resolution

 

Israel’s foreign ministry has said on Tuesday that the country is going to reduce ties with nations that voted for last week’s UN Security Council resolution demanding a halt to settlement building in Palestinian territory. The Israeli foreign ministry spokesman Emmanuel Nahshon said that Israel will temporarily reduce visits and work with embassies of such nations. he said, “Until further notice, we’ll limit our contacts with the embassies here in Israel and refrain from visits of Israeli officials to those states, and of visits of officials from those states here.”
After the US, Israel has already called back its ambassadors to New Zealand and Senegal for consultations, and cancelled aid programs with the African state. They informed Angola that it would be freezing its aid program there as well. Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely said that she was concerned that Israel would miss opportunities to explain its position by cancelling visits, but that she supported making clear “you can’t take Israel for granted”. The countries are – USA, UK, Angola, China, Egypt, France, japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Russia, Senegal, Spain, Ukraine, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has asked his officials to visit the countries that voted for the resolution as little as possible for now. Also he has limited visit of the Government officials and Ambassadors of the respected countries. At least two trips of Israel have been cancelled or postponed, including this week’s visit to Israel by Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman and an upcoming visit by the Senegalese foreign minister.
There have also been reports that Netanyahu was calling off a meeting with British Prime Minister Theresa May at next month’s World Economic Forum in Davos, but there has been no official confirmation. Netanyahu and other Israeli officials have responded with especially harsh language to Friday’s Security Council resolution which passed after the United States abstained from voting.
Netanyahu has alleged that US President Barack Obama “colluded” to see the “shameful” resolution through in the waning days of his administration.
By deciding not to veto the move, the United States enabled the adoption of the first UN resolution since 1979 to condemn Israel over its settlement policy.

Israel summoned ambassadors of countries that voted for the resolution on Sunday while Netanyahu also met with US ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro. On Monday, Netanyahu defended his response to the UN vote in the face of criticism that he was overreacting, saying “we do not turn the other cheek”.

Meanwhile, Israel’s increasing anger at the vote came as Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas hoped the forthcoming Middle East conference in France would set a mechanism to end Israeli settlements in territory Palestinians claim for a state. France hosts a conference on January 15 where countries may endorse a framework for peace between Israel and the Palestinians. However, Netanyahu opposes such activity, saying only direct negotiations will produce a solution. He has called on Abbas to meet for talks, but Abbas has refused unless settlement construction ends.

According to Haaretz newspaper, the Jerusalem Local Planning and Construction Committee is expected to approve permits to build 618 new homes in Jewish neighbourhoods across the Green Line on Wednesday. While the UN resolution contains no sanctions, Israeli officials are concerned it could widen the possibility of prosecution at the International Criminal Court. They are also worried it could encourage some countries to impose sanctions against Israeli settlers and goods produced in the settlements.

 

In the West Bank an illegal Jewish settlement of Givat Zeev, near Jerusalem.

In the West Bank an illegal Jewish settlement of Givat Zeev, near Jerusalem.

Proposed UN resolution demands end to Israeli settlements in Palestine

22 Dec, 2016
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United Nations Resolution

United Nations Resolution

Egypt has circulated a draft UN resolution that demands a halt to Israeli settlement activities in Palestinian territory and declares that all existing settlements “have no legal validity” and are “a flagrant violation” of international law.

The proposed resolution sent to Security Council members Wednesday evening also stresses that “the cessation of all Israeli settlement activities is essential for salvaging the two-state solution” which would see Israelis and Palestinians  ..

The council scheduled a meeting at 3 p.m. EST Thursday to vote on the draft resolution.

Much of the international community considers Israeli settlements illegal and backs the establishment of a Palestinian state, even though a deal appears to be increasingly complicated, in part because of the continued growth of settlements.

Israel continues their killing while PLO Leader urges U.S. President to respect international legitimacy on Jerusalem

Dec, 2016
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Young Palestinians killed by Israel

Young Palestinians killed by Israel

Israeli forces have shot dead a Palestinian youth during a campaign of home demolitions, which caused clashes to break out in Kafr Aqab town near Ramallah, central West Bank.

The victim of the shooting was identified as Ahmad Kharoubi, a 19 yaer old young man of Palestine.

4 days back, on Sunday morning, Israeli forces have shot dead a Palestinian youth near Ramallah, central West Bank, in clashes that broke out during an Israeli raid. The Palestinian Health Ministry reported that Ahmed al-Rimawi (19) from Ramallah’s northwestern village of Beit Rima, was killed during clashes between Palestinian protesters and the Israeli soldiers. Ahmed was shot with live ammunition to the chest, and was announced dead on the way to the Yasser Arafat Hospital in Salfit.

The victim is the son of the Palestinian ex-prisoner Hazem al-Rimawi, who had been locked up for 14 years and a half in Israeli jails and was released three months ago.

Abu Sbeih, a 39 year old Palestinina was killed by Israeli police following an alleged shooting attack in the occupied Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah on Oct. 9, 2016. His body is still being held by Israeli authorities along with the bodies of 19 other Palestinian innocent people. Since October last year, 269 protesters have been killed and hundreds of others injured in violent clashes with the Israeli occupation army across the occupied Palestinian territories.

 

Meanwhile, member of the Executive Committee of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Head of the Palestinian Expatriate Affairs Department ( PEAD ) , Mr.  Tayseer Khaled called the US president elect to act responsibly and respect international legitimacy resolutions on East Jerusalem, expressing a Palestinian concerns also from appointing David Friedman, who is notorious for his extreme and aggressive stances against the Palestinians and backing Israel’s settlement expansion, as US ambassador to Israel.Khaled stressed that in light of trump’s pick of Freidman, and new administration’s statements about moving US embassy from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem, we have to keep in mind UN Security Council resolutions on East Jerusalem, starting of 252 in 1968 and the following resolutions that condemn Israel’s defiance of UN General Assembly on acts and measures taken by Israel to change the status quo of the holly city.

Khaled added: “if Trump’s administration considers the appointment of Friedman an incontestable business of the USA, then standing by Trump’s electoral pledges in moving the county’s embassy from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem is beyond the US sovereignty and a violation of its commitments towards the UN and its charter, laws and resolutions, including 478, that denounced the Kenesset’s resolution to annex East Jerusalem and called the member states to withdraw diplomatic missions from the city”

Khaled also warned  would uphold jungle law in international relations and encourage the government of Israel to take more extreme acts, as an exceptional state which does not give minimum respect to the international law, and subsequently would have grave consequences that lead to imminent clash and turmoil in the region, which the US government would be responsible for.

Tayseer khaled, the PLO Leader

Tayseer khaled, the PLO Leader

 

Palestinians decry Trump’s choice for Israel ambassador while Hamas blamed Israel for the killing of its Commander

18 Dec, 2016
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Trump's new Israeli Advisor David Friedman

Trump’s new Israeli Advisor David Friedman

A senior Palestinian politician has condemned newly elected US President Donald Trump’s choice of ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, a right-wing lawyer who has vowed to move the US embassy to Jerusalem. The secretary-general of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), Saeb Erekat has said Moving the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem before a final agreement on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict will be the destruction of the peace process. Erekat’s remarks came as Israeli officials praised Trump’s decision to nominate Friedman, who is also a staunch supporter of Israeli settlements. The West Bank-based Palestinian Authority says Jerusalem should be the capital of a Palestinian state in any future two-state solution agreement.

Erekat warned of the potential outcome of moving the embassy and a change in the long-standing position of the United States that considers the settlements as illegal. he said “I look David Friedman and Trump in the eye and tell them – if you were to take these steps of moving the embassy and annexing settlements in the West Bank, you are sending this region down the path of something that I call ‘chaos, lawlessness and extremism.”

In a Trump transition team statement on Thursday announcing his appointment, Friedman said he wanted to work for peace and looked forward to doing this from the US embassy in Israel’s eternal capital, Jerusalem. Trump’s spokesman Jason Miller said on Friday that Friedman had the president-elect’s full support and that the plan to move the embassy would stand

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and members of his right-wing government on Friday welcomed Friedman’s nomination. Netanyahu has vowed to continue his illegal settlement expansion. In March 2015, the day before Israelis re-elected him, Netanyahu promised to prevent the establishment of a Palestinian state on his watch.The far-right deputy foreign minister Tzipi Hotovely called the appointment of Friedman as a “Good news for Israel” while education minister Naftali Bennett, of the ultra-nationalist Jewish Home party, said that Friedman was a great friend of Israel.

The US and most UN member states syill do not recognise Israel’s claim to all of Jerusalem as its capital. Ramy Abdu, of Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor, said that the UN regarded any actions taken by Israel, the occupying power, to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration in Jerusalem as illegal.

Meanwhile Hamas blamed Israel for the killing of its commander” Mohammed al-Zawari”, an aviation engineer who worked on the development of unmanned aerial vehicles, and vowed to take revenge. Zawari, 49, had been in Tunisia only a few days when he was shot dead outside his home by multiple gunshots while in his car near Sfax, 270km southeast of Tunis, on Thursday.

Four rental cars were used in the killing and two handguns and suppressors were seized, Tunisia’s interior ministry said.

A judicial spokesman from Sfax, Mourad Tourki, told Tunisian radio Shems FM that eight Tunisian nationals had been arrested in connection with the killing. Hamas, the Palestinian group that governs the Gaza Strip, confirmed that Zawari had been a member of its military wing for the past 10 years, and spearheaded its drone program. “The assassination of the commander Mohammed al-Zawari in Tunisia is a reminder for all Arab and Muslim nations that the Zionist enemy and its agents are roaming free in the region, playing their dirty roles, and it is time for this cowardly treacherous hand to be cut,”  Hamas’ Qassam Brigades said in a statement.

on the other hand, Israeli Minister Tzachi Hanegbi, told “I hope this issue will not be ascribed to us, that it is not connected to us and that none of those people arrested are our allies.”

Tunisia’s Islamist Ennahdha movement has called for an investigation into the killing, which it said posed a threat to the country’s stability. Israeli secret intelligence group, Mossad is also believed to have been behind the murder like the 2010 murder of top Hamas commander Mahmud al-Mabhuh in a Dubai hotel.

Hamas blamed Israel for the killing of its "commander" Mohammed al-Zawari, an aviation engineer

Hamas blamed Israel for the killing of its “commander” Mohammed al-Zawari, an aviation engineer

Palestinian Foreign Minister’s visit in Dhaka, Bangladesh on December, 2016.

15 Dec, 2016
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Dr. Riad al-Malki with Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, 2016

Dr. Riad al-Malki with Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina, 2016

The honorable Foreign Minister of Palestine Dr. Riad N A Maliki, along with his delegation, have recently visited to Dhaka, Bangladesh for the first time to attend the Ninth GFMD summit, 2016. He took part in the inauguration ceremony of the Ninth GFMD Summit, 2016 at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre, Dhaka on 10 December, 2016. The Director General of Palestinian International Cooperation Agency, Mr. Imad M M Zuahiri, The Head of South Asia Division of Palestinian Foreign Ministry, Ms. Rima Yousef Tayem and the Head of Palestinian Diplomatic Mission in Dhaka Mr. Yousef S Y Ramadan were along with him as delegation members.

During his visit, the Palestinian delegation has had two separate bilateral meetings on the event venue in the afternoon time.

 

The first one was with the Indian foreign delegation where they have discussed about the developing the relationship with India. Also political consultation was discussed and both sides agreed that it would further streamline the consultation mechanism.
Later, the Palestinian delegation met with the honorable foreign minister of Bangladesh Mr. A.H. Mahmood Ali. Both the ministers discussed how to further develop the bilateral cooperation between Palestine and Bangladesh. Foreign Minister Mahmood Ali assured the delegation of Palestine to provide every possible best support for the brotherly nation.  Both sides agreed to translate the excellent cooperation and understanding at various levels including the business and people in general.

Meeting of two Countries Foreign Ministers- Palestine & Bangladesh

Meeting of two Countries Foreign Ministers- Palestine & Bangladesh

On 11 December, 2016, in the morning, the Palestinian delegation team met with Mr. Nasrul Hamid, the honorable state minister of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh at his place in Dhaka. Over there, the discussion on development in energy sector of Bangladesh and Palestinian contribution had been discussed between the parties. After the meeting, the Palestinian delegation team went to meet with Mr. Tofael Ahmed, honorable Minister of Commerce in Bangladesh at his office. Both the parties discussed about the foreign trade and investments prospects and aspects in Bangladesh. Also, they have discussed about the foreign investment in Bangladesh particularly in Energy sector and others.

Meeting with the Commerce Minister of Bangladesh, Mr. Tofael Ahmed

Meeting with the Commerce Minister of Bangladesh, Mr. Tofael Ahmed

Later in the afternoon, the Palestinian delegation went to Gonobhaban to meet the honorable Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina. Over there, the Palestinian foreign minister presented some copies the Book “The Unfinished Memories” by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman translated into Arabic. Dr Malki said they have published the books in Arabic and are distributing books to other Arab countries. “We have also requested other Arab nations to publish the book.”If necessary we could supply the books,” he said. The premier later handed over a book with autograph to the Palestinian foreign minister for their President Mahmud Abbas. She also presented a book with autograph to Dr Malki.

The Palestinian foreign minister paid rich tributes to Bangabandhu and said the people of his country hold the great leader in high esteem. “What Bangabandhu done for the people is unique,” he said. He also recalled Bangabandhu’s special friendship with Palestinian legendary leader Yasir Arafat. “It was special friendship and now it’s our responsibility to take care and protect this relationship,” he said.

The Palestinian foreign minister put emphasis on cooperation between the two countries on agriculture sector. He also highly appreciated the training being provided to the Palestinian armed forces personnel in Bangladesh. “It’s very good and standard training,” he remarked.
Dr Malki highly lauded Bangladesh’s strong support to Palestine, saying that: “You (Sheikh Hasina) are always vocal against Israeli atrocities in our country.”We are happy that Bangladesh always extends strong support to us,” he added.
In this connection, the prime minister said she will always raise voice when the Palestinian women and children were killed by the Israeli occupation forces.
PM’s Military Secretary Major General Mia Mohammad Jainul Abedin and PMO Secretary Suraiya Begum were present on the occasion.

Later on that night, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh and State of Palestine signed a memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on strengthening the bilateral relationship to enhance the economic, mutual and commercial cooperation in the areas of trade & investment and power generation between the two brotherly countries. Honorable Foreign Minister of Palestine H.E. Dr. Riad N A Malki and Honorable State Minister for the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh H.E. Mr. Nasrul Hamid, led their respective sides by signing on behalf of their Government.

MOU signing with the State minister of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh, Mr. Nasrul Hamid

MOU signing with the State minister of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh, Mr. Nasrul Hamid

Former US president Jimmy Carter calls on Barack Obama to recognise Palestine before leaving office

5 Dec, 2016
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US President Barack Obama and former President Jimmy Carter

US President Barack Obama and former President Jimmy Carter

 

Former president Jimmy Carter has called on Barack Obama to recognise Palestine as an independent state before he leaves office. Mr Carter, who has been outspoken about Palestinian rights and has urged a two-state solution between Israelis and Palestinians, said Palestine should achieve full United Nations membership.

In a published article at The New York Times, the former US president wrote: “I am convinced that the United States can still shape the future of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict before a change in presidents, but time is very short.” He added: “The simple but vital step this administration must take before its term expires on Jan. 20 is to grant American diplomatic recognition to the state of Palestine.” Mr Carter also said the UN Security council should pass a resolution “laying out the parameters for resolving the conflict. Reaffirm the illegality of all Israeli settlements beyond the 1967 borders,” with further measures including the demilitarization of the Palestinian state and a possible UN peacekeeping force.

 

He also criticised the building of Israeli settlements on Palestinian land by saying, “Israel is building more and more settlements, displacing Palestinians and entrenching its occupation of Palestinian lands,” he wrote. “Over 4.5 million Palestinians live in these occupied territories, but are not citizens of Israel. Most live largely under Israeli military rule, and do not vote in Israel’s national elections.”

 

Barack Obama has been critical of Israel, telling the nation it cannot permanently occupy and settle on Palestinian land.

 

In a speech to the United Nations, the US president said both sides would benefit if Israel recognised it cannot permanently occupy the land and if Palestinians rejected incitement and recognised Israel’s legitimacy.

Israeli forces arrested 13 Palestinians in overnight raids and confiscated lands of Palestine

Dec, 2016
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Israeli Illegal raid and arrest Palestinians

Israeli Illegal raid and arrest Palestinians

Israeli forces carry out raid and arrest campaigns throughout occupied West Bank and Jerusalem almost on daily basis. On 05 December, 2016, Monday, Israeli Occupation Forces arrested 13 Palestinians overnight from cities all over the West Bank,in a wide raid and arrest campaign. Raids included areas in Jenin, Bethlehem, Hebron, Qalqilia, Jordan Valley, and Jerusalem, where four Jerusalem citizens, including two ex-prisoners and a minor have been arrested. Several homes were raided and a youth was brutally attacked and beaten at the hands of Israeli forces in Hebron.

 

Meanwhile, 4 days ago, Israeli  forces also claimed responsibility for the confiscation of a Palestinian land in Silwad village, to the east of Ramallah, after they declared it abandoned property. The seized land tract covers an area of 16.5 donums.

The confiscation was carried out on claims that the land has been abandoned, a pretext often used by the occupation army to grab hold of Palestinian lands in favor of illegal settlement expansion.

 

 

Fatah 7th conference puts Palestine and Mahmoud Abbas under the alert of Israel

4 Dec, 2016
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Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas attends the opening ceremony of the 7th Fatah Congress on November 29, 2016, in the West Bank city of Ramallah.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas attends the opening ceremony of the 7th Fatah Congress on November 29, 2016, in the West Bank city of Ramallah.

 

After a two-year delay, Fatah movement’s seventh congress kicked off in Ramallah on 29 November, 2016, where the movement has re-elected President Mahmoud Abbas to a new five-year term. Abbas said that 60 delegations from 28 countries will be joining the conference . Party official Salim Zanoun asked the gathering Monday to elect Abbas “by consensus.” The hundreds of delegates stood up and applauded Abbas, who then hugged Zanoun, AP reported.

The five-day conference is expected to cement Abbas’ control of Fatah and lock out his chief rival, the exiled Mohamed Dahlan.

Meanwhile, The United Nations Special Coordinator- Nickolay Mladenov on 29 November, 2016 has given a speech on behalf of the UN Secretary-General on the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Mladenov  said it his honour to address the 7th Congress of Fatah – which is the soul of the Palestinian people, just as the Palestinian people are the soul of the Arab nation.

On the other hand, Israeli Energy minister Yuval Steinitz said Palestinian National Authority President Mahmoud Abbas represents the top ideological threat to the Jewish state after Abbas vowed to withdraw recognition of Israel if it keeps refusing to reciprocate.  Speaking at a Fatah party congress on Wednesday, Abbas noted that although Palestine recognized Israel, Israel is not poised to do the same, adding that Palestine’s commitment “is not free” and eventually comes down to Israel’s decision to recognize Palestine in return. If the latter is not happening, Palestine will mull withdrawing its recognition after all other options are exhausted, Abbas said. However, he stressed that “at the moment, we must lead a peaceful popular resistance and we want to keep our hand extended for peace.”

Abbas’ comments did not sit well with Steiniz, a long-time ally of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and a member of his right-wing Likud party, who dubbed them “another sad joke” in an interview with Israel Radio. During his congress address that spanned for three hours, Abbas also reminded that Israel was not in effect recognized as Jewish nation-state by the UN. However, in September last year Abbas hinted that Palestine might walk out from the Accords while blaming Israel of occupying its territory.

Contrary to Steinitz’s claims of Abbas rejecting Israel’s right to exist, the Palestinian leader has been known as a staunch supporter of the two-state solution and repeatedly called on reviving stalled peace talks with third party assistance. In November, Palestinian officials welcomed the initiative by France to serve as a mediator and staged a conference in Paris.

Arafat, Abbas’s predecessor as the Palestine leader was a living symbol of armed resistance to Israel occupation before he died in 2004. Being the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), in 1990 he agreed to enter into peace negotiations with Israel that resulted in signing of the Accords for which he was awarded a peace Nobel prize in 1994.